Survival Plan® Program (IUCN/SSC) & Red List
of Threatened Species
The global population of "Power
in the film is disappearing at an extremely alarming rate.
As human population expands the farms, villages and cities
dominate the areas that formerly comprised their territory.
This encroachment results in diminished habitat and degraded
prey stock for these predators that require large amounts
of territory to survive in the wild.
IUCN - The World Conservation Union, through its Species
Survival Commission (SSC) has for four decades been assessing
the conservation status of species, subspecies, varieties
and even selected subpopulations on a global scale in order
to highlight species threatened with extinction, and therefore
promote their conservation.
Survival Plan® Program (SSP) began in
1981 as a cooperative population management and conservation
program for selected species in zoos and aquariums in North
America. Each SSP manages the breeding of a species in
order to maintain a healthy and self-sustaining population
that is both genetically diverse and demographically stable.
SSP sponsors participate in a variety of other cooperative
conservation activities, such as research, public education,
reintroduction and field projects. Currently, there are
over 106 Species Survival Programs in place covering 161
individual species as administered by the American
Zoo and Aquarium Association, whose membership includes accredited
zoos and aquariums throughout North America.
Primary targets for achievement of species preservation
as implemented by the American Zoo and Aquarium Association's
follows these missions:
• Organize scientifically-controlled managed breeding
programs for selected wildlife making every to prevent
• Cooperate with other Institutions and Agencies
to ensure integrated conservation strategies.
• Increase public awareness of wildlife conservation
issues, including development and implementation of educational
strategies at American Zoo and Aquarium Association's
(AZA's) member institutions and in the field.
• Conduct basic and applied research to contribute
to their knowledge of various species.
• Train wildlife and zoo professionals in all aspects
• Develop and test various technologies relevant
to field conservation.
• Reintroduce captive-bred wildlife into restored
or secure habitat as appropriate and necessary.
Our mission at TigerHomes.org is to create and promote
a desire in everyone to support wildlife and habitat conservation
as well as captive breeding programs, like the SSP. In
the case of the Siberian Tiger, for instance, wild populations
are estimated at only around 350 to 410 animals therefore
this animal faces a very real threat of extinction. However,
another 490 individuals are managed in conservation programs
like the SSP.
IUCN - The World Conservation Union, (IUCN) Red List of
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the world's
most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation
status of plant and animal species. IUCN Red List provides
taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information
on taxa that have been evaluated using the IUCN Red List
Categories and Criteria. This system is designed to determine
the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of
the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those taxa
that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e.
those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable).
The IUCN Red List also includes information on taxa that
are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild; on taxa
that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information
(i.e. are Data Deficient); and on taxa that are either
close to meeting the threatened thresholds or that would
be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific
conservation program (i.e. Near Threatened).