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Film Vocabulary
CLICK HERE TO SEE ANIMAL WEBCAMS
  • Africa: Continent of the eastern hemisphere South of the Mediterranean & adjoining Asia on Northeast. Area 11,677,239 square miles


  • Asia: Continent of the eastern hemisphere North of equator forming a single landmass with Europe


  • Binocular: Eyes positioned on the front of the face giving felines the ability to focus both eyes on a single object.


  • Carnivore: any of an order (Carnivora) of typically flesh eating mammals that includes cats, dogs, foxes, bears, raccoons; broadly: a carnivorous animal.


  • Crepuscular: Most active at dawn in the early morning and at dusk before sunset. (Found on Cheetah page)


  • Cub: A young carnivorous mammal (as a bear, fox, or lion).


  • Diet: Typical natural food substance for an animal. Felines are known to gorge on their prey, sometimes consuming 40-60 pounds of food at one time and then fasting until the next opportunity arises. This "Feast or Famine" method of eating and survival is prevalent throughout the feline animal kingdom.


  • Desert: Arid land with usually sparse vegetation; especially such land having a very warm climate and receiving less than 25 centimeters (10 inches) of sporadic rainfall annually.


  • Diurnal: Most active during the daytime rather than at night.


  • Ecosystem: A community of organisms and the physical environment in which they interact.


  • Ecotourism: Economic revenue generated by tourists who travel to a particular region to visit areas abundant in wildlife within beautiful geographic settings.


  • Endemic: Species restricted or peculiar to a locality or region.


  • Extinct: No longer existing.


  • False Eyes: Natural camouflage in animals giving the depiction of "eyes". In cats, particularly on the back of the ears. Most cat species are equipped with this natural disguise to confuse predators and reduce vulnerability. Nature has given many animals this protective feature including many species of butterflies, fish, lizards and mammals.


  • Feline: Of or relating to the cat family. Any of the 36 species of cats that live in the world today. Felines live in a wide variety of habitats and geographic ranges and most are crepuscular or nocturnal depending upon their habitat. All felines are carnivorous predators.


  • Food Chain: A sequence of organisms each depending on the next in the survival sequence as a source of food. A food chain with a cougar at the top of the chain might be for example: Grasses, Deer, Cougar.


  • Forest: Forest biomes are dominated by trees and shrub growth, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality.


  • Habitat: The natural home of an organism. The area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic.


  • Gestation: The process of being carried in the womb. In biological terms a gestation period is the time between conception and birth.


  • Middle East: The countries of Southwest Asia and North Africa - usually considered as including the countries extending from Libya on the West to Afghanistan on the East.


  • Nocturnal: Active at night.


  • Olfactory/Olfaction: Pertaining to the sense of smell. Olfaction is used to hunt prey but primarily to communicate with other felines in the area.


  • Predator: An animal that feeds on other animals. Felines are predators based on vulnerability typically stalking prey, moving in closely and then attacking from behind.


  • Prey: Any animal taken by a predator as food. Prey for the larger cats ranges anywhere from 65-2,000 lbs which typically includes wild boars, cattle and several species of deer. Hares (a type of rabbit) comprise much of the Lynx diet and weigh significantly less.


  • Pride: A group or family members of lions.


  • Pug Mark: An indentation print of the cat's foot leaving its impression and scent marking along its territory bounds.


  • Purr: A low vibratory murmur typically emitted by cats as a sign of a contentment or pleasure.


  • Retractable: As pertains to felines claws: to draw back or in <cats retract their claws>


  • Savanna: (Alternate sp: Savannah) A tropical or subtropical grassland containing scattered trees and drought-resistant undergrowth.


  • Sexual Dimorphism: Differences in physical characteristics due to gender. Example: Male tigers are much larger than female tigers…. In all these feline species size is a sexually dimorphic characteristic. In Mallard ducks, feather coloration is a sexually dimorphic characteristic.


  • Siberia: Region of North Asia in Russia extending from the Urals to the Pacific roughly coextensive with Russia.


  • Species: Plants or animals with clearly defined characteristics that can interbreed and produce viable (non sterile) offspring.


  • Subspecies: A subdivision of a species. A category in biological classification that ranks immediately below a species. Plants or animals that genetically belong to a particular species but are distinct in geographic area, culture or minor physical variation.


  • Taxonomy: General principles of orderly scientific classification as pertains to animals and plants according to their presumed natural relationships.


  • Territory: Range of an animal. For felines this includes den site, prey range and is well defined with visual and olfactory boundary identifying markings including urine scenting, claw markings leaving scent gland secretions and fecal droppings. The territory area is occupied and defended by those animals making claim to its bounds.


  • Tundra: A level or rolling treeless plain that is characteristic of arctic and subarctic regions, consists of black mucky soil with a permanently frozen subsoil, and has a dominant vegetation of mosses, lichens, herbs, and dwarf shrubs.

  • Vocalization: To communicate making sounds to make presence known or establish whereabouts of other members of the group or to claim territory. (Found on Cheetah page)


  • Yukon: (Also: Canadian Yukon) Territory in Northwest Canada between Alaska & British Columbia bordering on Arctic Ocean. Area 205,345 square miles



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