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African Gorilla Species Table




African Gorilla


Western Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla

Angola, Cameroon, Congo Basin, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon & Nigeria.

Conservation Status: Endangered

Population: Approx 10,000-35,000

Western Lowland Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla gorilla

Southern Cameroon, South Nigeria, the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and parts of Zaire

Conservation Status: Endangered

Population: Approx. 94,000

Eastern Lowland Gorilla
Grauer’s Gorilla

Gorilla beringei ssp. graueri

Formerly: Gorilla gorilla ssp. graueri

Congo, Democratic Republic of and Parts of the northern area of Lake Tanganyika between east-central Zaire and the Congo River

Conservation Status: Endangered

Population: Approx. 3,000

Mountain Gorilla

Gorilla beringei ssp. beringei

Formerly listed as G. gorilla beringei

6 Dormant Volcanoes found in the Virunga Mountain Range which spans the borders of Zaire, Uganda, and Rwanda.

Conservation Status: Critically Endangered

Population: (less than 700) in two subpopulation groups numbering approx. 350 ea

Bwindi Gorilla
aka: Mountain Gorilla

*Gorilla beringei

Bwindi-Impenetrable Forest (subpopulation) and Uganda

Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (less than 200-250)

Cross River Gorilla

Gorilla gorilla ssp. diehli


Conservation Status: Protected in Nigeria by Federal Decree 11 – Cross River State Wild Animals Protection Act . Critically Endangered (less than 150)

*Source: IUCN 2000 Red List: Bwindi Gorillas represent a distinct subspecies as they do not fit comfortably within G. b. beringei nor within G. b. graueri. This is not yet agreed, and further research is required. Hence this is treated here as a distinct and isolated subpopulation. Based on a surviving adult population of less than 250 mature individuals (and possibly less than 200) this subpopulation is Critically Endangered.

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